Doubtful If You May Have Colon cancer, Ask These 7 Questions To Yourself.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in men and the second most common cancer in women worldwide. Almost 55% of the cases occur in developed countries.

Colon and rectal cancer is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 65-74 (median age 68), though of late a trend towards lower age group is being noted In western world colon cancer is slightly more common than rectal cancer, but in India, rectal cancer is more common.

colon-cancer-treatment-colonoscopy

Questions to ask yourself

  1. Do you notice any change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation that lasts for few days?
  2. Do you feel that you need to have a bowel movement that is not relieved in doing so?
  3. Are you suffering from cramping or abdominal pain?
  4. Are you experiencing dark stools or blood in the stools?
  5. Do you notice rectal bleeding during bowel movements?
  6. Do you often feel weakness and fatigue?
  7. Do you notice unintended weight loss?

If you say “yes” to the above questions, there might be a chance of colon cancer. We recommend it’s best to be tested for colorectal cancer before ever coming to any conclusions.

Don’t conclude yourself, contact a best Coloproctologist for correct diagnosis and best treatment for Colon cancer in your case.

Move on with a Healthy Colon

Balanced diet affects us positively in the same way as it works for the other body organs like heart, brain, liver, kidney etc., our colon also gets affected whatever we consume. Colon is a vital part of the large intestine & the digestive system too. It may work improperly from any minor problem arising in, such as ulcerative colitis, diverticular diseases, colorectal cancer, irritable bowel syndrome and many more, thus the treatment may involve lifestyle and diet modifications, medications and may be sometime surgery.

As we know, colon including rectum or a large intestine is a part of lower GI tract (gastrointestinal system), its crucial function is to move waste from the body, thus a malfunctioning or unhealthy colon may cause bloating, gas, constipation and discomfort, and moreover untreated and chronic issues may lead to more serious health problems which may need medical intervention.

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Here are some simple recommendations for the sake of healthy Colon:

Weighty Affair

According to the various studies it is found that obesity may enhances colon disorder risk possibly due to the increased insulin levels or insulin resistance that further can develop various tumours including colon.

obesityHence colorectal disorders can be prevented just by changing the lifestyle, controlling weight and improving eating habits. Good and balanced nutrition is very important for restoring the colorectal health.

Eat right. Be light.

Diet low in processed food and high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains have been linked with low risk of colorectal disorders and it promotes intestinal health as well. 

processed-foodIt is necessary to limit the processed food intake, including processed red meat (hot dogs or bacon) that may further increase the chance of colon cancer up to 15 – 20%.

Unlove sugar binging

From many scientific studies, it is notice that low fiber and high sugar diet are often the main reason of ulcerative colitis since the high sugar is loaded with high calories that may lead to obesity and weight gain.        quit-sugarTherefore sugar is indirectly linked with most of the illnesses and even may contribute in the progression of colon cancer.

Fire the fried

Nowadays fried food is the most common staple in all the casinos. It is already known that high fat content is always hard on all the body organs including colon. It carries bed cholesterol, besides frying also changes the natural makeup and makes the food heavier to digest and also more harmful for the IBS patients.fried-foodIt is better to opt for some healthy options such as grilled or baked.

Fix fiber & ease colon movement

The role of fiber is to prevent constipation and to aid in smooth movement of bowel to restore normal colon health. Adding fiber rich diet may even lower down the risk of developing pouches in the colon or diverticulitis disease and the hemorrhoids too.

fiber-dietFiber is indigestible carbohydrates, they move through the intestinal tract without any digestion, help in easy movement of food through the entire intestinal route, without including fiber in the daily diet may cause hindrance in the food movement and may lead to irregular bowel movement or congested intestinal tract or unhealthy colon and finally constipation then haemorrhoids and other serious illnesses. Plants love colon that’s why they offer plenty of fiber to replenish colon health like legumes, lentils, chickpeas, beans with a dash of colourful range white, navy, black, pintos, great northern, kidney, garbanzo & adzuki beans. Hence, in the same way vegetables and fruits also provide enough fiber to keep the whole intestine healthy some examples of fruits and vegetables are: apples with skin, pears, bananas, oranges, blackberries, raspberries, etc. White potato, winter squash, sweet potato, artichokes, Brussels sprouts and almost all the vegetables are the richest source of fiber.

Note: Drink plenty of water if you have been on a high fiber diet to avoid bloating
and uncomfortable feeling.

Dairy matters

Researchers have seen that taking recommend dose of calcium and vitamin D may shrink the risk of colorectal cancer. Low fat milk, probiotic and yogurt are the best source of calcium for the entire intestine, besides probiotics also supply beneficial bacterial , apart from this some dark green leafy vegetables like collard greens, broccoli, kale & spinach may serve as a another source of calcium that can be easily added to the daily diet regime.

Favor whole grains

Another most important part of real food is adding whole grain in daily diet to get all the natural and essential nutrients. Some grains, which are loaded with colon friendly minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, fiber and phytochemicals are whole wheat flour, high – bran cereals, shredded wheat, bran flakes, barley, oatmeal, millet, Amaranth, bulgur, spelt, brown rice and quinoa all these have more beneficial effect on the whole GI tract than the refined grains such as white rice and flour. So it is better to stock up whole grains to improve fiber in daily meal.

Gut healthy treat: Omega-3 fatty acids

Plenty of omega 3 fatty acids support colon health, adding fish like sardines, herring, mackerel, salmon and others can work best as a healthly treat for the colon. Some plants also provide omega 3 fatty acids for the people who are wholly depend on the plant based sources such as walnuts, flax seeds, wheat germs and its oil, including, other sources also.

Eat wisely

Well, here it is very important to understand that colon helps in the detoxification process of the whole body, all these above colon friendly components contain copious amounts of antioxidants that works as a natural cleanser which assist in the removal of toxins from the undigested food.

Now it is proven from the researches that healthy eating habits significantly impact our overall health including colon and large intestine. Enriching the diet with nutritious and natural foods is vital to heal the colon and support the intestinal wall and lining, thus eating wisely is an easy way to take care, to avoid future health issues in a natural way and to relieve bowel movement.

ZOOMING INTO COLON CANCER

Yes! When the “C” word falls on your ears you are startled! Poor lifestyle habits have made this disease from uncommon to common today. During your childhood little did you know that this disease would be one of the leading causes of mortality! So let us take a peek into Colon Cancer.

Colon, which is also referred to as our large intestine in simple words is one of the most important part of our body. A colon cancer occurs when abnormal cells form tumours in the normal tissues of the intestines and digestive system. Diagnosing cancer is very important as most of the times the patient is unaware he suffers from this disease until it is in the advanced stages. In short, most cancers do not show any symptoms in the initial stages.

“For colon cancer also initially patients may not present with any symptoms. Hence screening is very important in Colon Cancer Treatment. when you show any abnormal signs of defecation. I advise all my patients who are 50 and above to screen routinely for colon cancer who have either had a family history or have suffered themselves from any rectal ailments.”, mentions Dr Parameshwara, Colorectal Surgeon and Founder of Smiles International Institute of ColoProctology, Bengaluru. He has treated more than 3 lac patients medically for anorectal issues.

Colon cancer can present with the following symptoms:

  • Per rectal bleeding
  • Blood in stools – stools are either bright red or black
  • Unreasonable weight loss
  • Constant fluctuations in motions like diarrhoea and constipation alternately
  • Fatigue and weakness

It is very common that colon cancer can show no symptoms at all until you reach the final stage. Hence it is advised not to ignore screening for colon cancer. Many patients notice polyps in the colon and once removed they come to know it was cancerous. Dr Parameshwara always informs all his patients not to ignore per rectal bleeding and to examine themselves immediately without further delay.

For colon cancer there are risk factors of age, genetics or family history, personal history of polyps or cancer or Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Smiles Hospital advises patients who have a family history to screen themselves early for colon cancer. Screening can start from a simple stool test or blood test to a simple colonoscopy followed by a biopsy.

Dr Parameshwara also mentions,” Most of the times other conditions like Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn’s disease, colon infection or other GI issues can present with the same symptoms and cannot always be termed as Colon Cancer. So readers may please make note that not always per rectal bleeding is Colon Cancer and not always Colon Cancer presents with per rectal bleeding. Get yourself screened right away!”

Colon Cancer Stages & Treatment

Colon-cancer-stages

There are different stages in Colon Cancer.

Stage 0: The stage 0 of colorectal cancer is found only in Innermost lining of the colon. In this stage surgeon can remove the tumor and a little tissue near it. And this procedure is called as a polypectomy.

If you have larger tumors, surgeon may need to remove the diseased part of the colon and reattach the healthy tissue so that your bowels will work. This procedure is an anastomosis.

Stage I: In StageI tumors have spread beyond the inner lining of the colon to the second and third layers and involve the inside wall of the colon. But not spread to the outer wall of the colon or outside the colon.

You may expect to have surgery to remove the cancer and a small amount of tissue around the tumor. Most of the people don’t need additional treatments.

Stage II: Stage II colorectal cancers are larger and go through the muscular wall of the colon. But there is no cancer in the lymph nodes i.e., small structures that are found throughout the body that make and store cells that fight infection. In this stage probably have surgery to remove the cancer and an area surrounding the cancer. And also you may use chemotherapy as a precaution to help prevent the cancer from coming back. Doctors usually do this only for people who are likely to get this disease.

Stage III: In this cancers may spread outside the colon to one or more lymph nodes. It is again divided into 3 categories.

  • Stage IIIA: In this Tumors are within the colon wall and also involve the lymph nodes.
  • Stage IIIB: Stage IIIB tumors have grown through the colon wall and have spread to one to four lymph nodes.
  • Stage IIIC: In this stage Tumors have grown through the colon wall and have spread to one to four lymph nodes.

Treatment for Stage III is Surgery to remove the tumor and all involved lymph nodes if possible. After the Surgery Chemotherapy may get and then Radiation if the tumor is large and invading the tissue surrounding the colon.

Stage IV: Stage IV has spread outside the colon to other parts of the body, such as the liver or the lungs. It is also called as “metastatic,” which means that it has spread.

For this stage you need an operation to remove the cancer, both in the colon and in other places where it has spread or you may need surgery to bypass the cancer and hook back up the healthy parts of the colon along with Chemotherapy.

If Your Colorectal Cancer Comes Back

Recurrence is possible, who had more advanced colorectal cancer the first time. The treatment includes

  • Surgery to remove the recurrence
  • If the cancer can’t be removed in an operation, chemotherapy is the main treatment.
  • Clinical trials are another option.

10 Foods To Prevent Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer is the third most cancer across the world, which accounts for nearly 1.4 million new cases and 6, 94,000 deaths per year and the vast majority of cases occur in people over age 50.

To reduce the risk of colon cancer, getting screened regularly is the right thing to do. And the everyday food we take can also help us to reduce colon cancer. Here is the list of food

  1. BROWN RICE:

According to a study of  Nutrition and Cancer, people who ate brown rice at least once a week reduced their risk  of colon polyps by 40% because it has higher fiber content and short chain fatty acids that halts the cancer cell’s growth . The Brown rice has 3.5 grams of fiber in one cup, compared to half gram per cup of white rice.

  1. SALMON:

Three ounces of sockeye salmon contains 112% of your recommended daily value of vitamin D. As Recent Research suggests Vitamin D Deficiency may cause Colon Cancer.

  1. BUTTERED CORN

orn fiber, inositol hexaphosphate, prevents colon cancer growth, University of Maryland research shows. Add real butter for a dose of cancer-fighting conjugated linoleic acid (CLA).

  1. PEANUTS :

Loma Linda University researchers found that Eating three times in a week of  legumes- chickpeas, black beans, and peas reduces the risk of colon polyps by 33%. Half a cup of peanuts consists more than 6 grams of fiber.

  1. GINGER

As per Cancer Research and Prevention, taking ginger root supplements for 28 days can reduce Colon Inflammation by 28%. And Colon Inflammation has been associating with the development of tumors. Researchers recommends to take 2 gram ginger supplement or 2tablespoon fresh ginger with meal daily.

  1. White Tea:

One cup of tea a day to cut your colon cancer risk in half- suggested by Louisiana State University and the University of North Carolina.  Especially white tea is powerful at blocking colon-polyp growth even more than green tea.

7. Spinach :

Spinach may help to fight colon cancer. As per study In the Journal of Nutrition and Cancer found that people who ate cooked green vegetables once a day had a 24% lower risk of colon cancer than people who ate less.

8. Mushrooms:

White button mushrooms are rich in the antioxidant ergothioneine, which has cancer-fighting properties. Add cooked spinach to a mushroom omelette for a cancer-fighting supper meal.

  1. BLACK RASPBERRIES:

Lab tests show that raspberry-fed rats develop 80% fewer tumors than animals that ate standard food. Pick black raspberries for 40% more cancer-fighting antioxidants than the red colour raspberries.

6 ways to reduce the risk of Colon Cancer

The food you eat can be either the safest & most powerful form of medicine or the slowest form of medicine.

-Ann Wigmore

We couldn’t agree more. Right food is the best preventive care any one can take. It is true to reduce the risk of colon cancer too. Making few changes to your diet can help reduce the risk of colon/bowel/colo-rectal cancer.

Here are 6 proven ways to increase your colon health and protect you from colon cancer.
  1. Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Diets that include lots of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains have been linked with a decreased risk of colon cancer. Reduce the intake of red meat (beef, pork, or lamb) and processed meats (hot dogs and some luncheon meats.

fiber-rich-foods

  1. Get regular exercise. Being active physically with regular excercise is the best way to reduce any health risk and it is true for colon cancer also. Increasing physical activity reduces the risk.

Benefits-of-regular-exercise

  1. Don’t smoke. Long term smokers are more prone to colon cancer then non-smokers.
  2. Limit Alcohol. Alcohol use has been linked with a higher risk of cancers of the colon and rectum. The evidence for this is generally stronger in men than in women, but studies have found the link in both sexes.
  3. Get Enough Calcium and Vitamin D. There is good evidence that getting enough calcium and vitamin D can help protect against colon cancer.
  4. Get screened regularly for colon cancer. Screenings are tests that look for cancer before signs and symptoms develop. Colon screenings can often find growths called polyps that can be removed before they turn into cancer. These tests also can find colon cancer earlier, when treatments are more likely to be successful.

Changing your diet and lifestyle not only reduces colon cancer but some other diseases like heart disease and diabetes also.