Move on with a Healthy Colon

Balanced diet affects us positively in the same way as it works for the other body organs like heart, brain, liver, kidney etc., our colon also gets affected whatever we consume. Colon is a vital part of the large intestine & the digestive system too. It may work improperly from any minor problem arising in, such as ulcerative colitis, diverticular diseases, colorectal cancer, irritable bowel syndrome and many more, thus the treatment may involve lifestyle and diet modifications, medications and may be sometime surgery.

As we know, colon including rectum or a large intestine is a part of lower GI tract (gastrointestinal system), its crucial function is to move waste from the body, thus a malfunctioning or unhealthy colon may cause bloating, gas, constipation and discomfort, and moreover untreated and chronic issues may lead to more serious health problems which may need medical intervention.

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Here are some simple recommendations for the sake of healthy Colon:

Weighty Affair

According to the various studies it is found that obesity may enhances colon disorder risk possibly due to the increased insulin levels or insulin resistance that further can develop various tumours including colon.

obesityHence colorectal disorders can be prevented just by changing the lifestyle, controlling weight and improving eating habits. Good and balanced nutrition is very important for restoring the colorectal health.

Eat right. Be light.

Diet low in processed food and high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains have been linked with low risk of colorectal disorders and it promotes intestinal health as well. 

processed-foodIt is necessary to limit the processed food intake, including processed red meat (hot dogs or bacon) that may further increase the chance of colon cancer up to 15 – 20%.

Unlove sugar binging

From many scientific studies, it is notice that low fiber and high sugar diet are often the main reason of ulcerative colitis since the high sugar is loaded with high calories that may lead to obesity and weight gain.        quit-sugarTherefore sugar is indirectly linked with most of the illnesses and even may contribute in the progression of colon cancer.

Fire the fried

Nowadays fried food is the most common staple in all the casinos. It is already known that high fat content is always hard on all the body organs including colon. It carries bed cholesterol, besides frying also changes the natural makeup and makes the food heavier to digest and also more harmful for the IBS patients.fried-foodIt is better to opt for some healthy options such as grilled or baked.

Fix fiber & ease colon movement

The role of fiber is to prevent constipation and to aid in smooth movement of bowel to restore normal colon health. Adding fiber rich diet may even lower down the risk of developing pouches in the colon or diverticulitis disease and the hemorrhoids too.

fiber-dietFiber is indigestible carbohydrates, they move through the intestinal tract without any digestion, help in easy movement of food through the entire intestinal route, without including fiber in the daily diet may cause hindrance in the food movement and may lead to irregular bowel movement or congested intestinal tract or unhealthy colon and finally constipation then haemorrhoids and other serious illnesses. Plants love colon that’s why they offer plenty of fiber to replenish colon health like legumes, lentils, chickpeas, beans with a dash of colourful range white, navy, black, pintos, great northern, kidney, garbanzo & adzuki beans. Hence, in the same way vegetables and fruits also provide enough fiber to keep the whole intestine healthy some examples of fruits and vegetables are: apples with skin, pears, bananas, oranges, blackberries, raspberries, etc. White potato, winter squash, sweet potato, artichokes, Brussels sprouts and almost all the vegetables are the richest source of fiber.

Note: Drink plenty of water if you have been on a high fiber diet to avoid bloating
and uncomfortable feeling.

Dairy matters

Researchers have seen that taking recommend dose of calcium and vitamin D may shrink the risk of colorectal cancer. Low fat milk, probiotic and yogurt are the best source of calcium for the entire intestine, besides probiotics also supply beneficial bacterial , apart from this some dark green leafy vegetables like collard greens, broccoli, kale & spinach may serve as a another source of calcium that can be easily added to the daily diet regime.

Favor whole grains

Another most important part of real food is adding whole grain in daily diet to get all the natural and essential nutrients. Some grains, which are loaded with colon friendly minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, fiber and phytochemicals are whole wheat flour, high – bran cereals, shredded wheat, bran flakes, barley, oatmeal, millet, Amaranth, bulgur, spelt, brown rice and quinoa all these have more beneficial effect on the whole GI tract than the refined grains such as white rice and flour. So it is better to stock up whole grains to improve fiber in daily meal.

Gut healthy treat: Omega-3 fatty acids

Plenty of omega 3 fatty acids support colon health, adding fish like sardines, herring, mackerel, salmon and others can work best as a healthly treat for the colon. Some plants also provide omega 3 fatty acids for the people who are wholly depend on the plant based sources such as walnuts, flax seeds, wheat germs and its oil, including, other sources also.

Eat wisely

Well, here it is very important to understand that colon helps in the detoxification process of the whole body, all these above colon friendly components contain copious amounts of antioxidants that works as a natural cleanser which assist in the removal of toxins from the undigested food.

Now it is proven from the researches that healthy eating habits significantly impact our overall health including colon and large intestine. Enriching the diet with nutritious and natural foods is vital to heal the colon and support the intestinal wall and lining, thus eating wisely is an easy way to take care, to avoid future health issues in a natural way and to relieve bowel movement.

Effects of Junk food on our health

Being healthy is a major necessity of every human being. This can obviously be maintained only through healthy food and healthy life routine. If you bring changes in your diet and regular physical activity.  It can prevent majority of the health issues we face regularly. 

When it comes to diet, the ease of availability, less preparation time, ready-to-go packed foods are making our lives much easier. Thus making the junk food the first choice of our generation. But do we know how it affects our health and brain functions in the long run?

Why is junk food unhealthy?

Junk food contains a large number of calories from sugar or fat with little fibre, protein, vitamins or minerals. It can also be defined as pre-prepared or packaged food that has low nutritional value.

This affects a lot to the health of human being irrespective of age group and gender.
  • Diet which is high in saturated and Trans fats from foods like French fries, cheese burger, or processed food can increase the risk of heart disease, high cholesterol and diabetes.
  • Too much sodium increases the risk of kidney disease and high blood pressure.
  • Junk food can negatively affect your memory.
  • When your digestive system breaks down. The foods like drinks and sides which are loaded with carbohydrates with little to no fiber, the carbs are released as glucose (sugar) into your bloodstream. As a result blood sugar increases.
  • It increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases due to the lack of essential nutrients, vitamins, iron, minerals and dietary fibers and rich  in saturated fat, sodium and bad cholesterol.
  • Sugar can lead to obesity.

The more junk food you consume, the less likely you are to consume the essential nutrients that your body relies on. These food contain a lot of fats, carbohydrates and processed sugar and lack of protein and energy. So, the consumption of junk food can make you exhaustive and increases your craving for food.

Moreover, it doesn’t only affect the health condition it also affect the lifestyle of a human being. More amount of fast food consumption from outside means a fewer number of dinners at home together which influences the family cohesiveness. Sitting all together and eating in home creates a bond between parents and children and allows everyone to be in a relaxed environment, which is not at all possible in the noisy, frenetic atmosphere at a fast food restaurant.

Researchers has proved that there is no problem in eating junk food every once in a while. So, Occasional consumption is well and good. As long as you are eating in moderation, there’s absolutely nothing wrong with it. But, whenever we get time we should opt for healthy food than junk food.

Getting rid of an itchy bottom

It is extremely difficult not to scratch the bottom when you are in the midst of a wedding where there will be people watching you. So you rush to the washroom  and have a sigh of relief, but ouch! That pain and burning sensation followed by scratching are horrible.

“With today’s lifestyle, patients have a lot of symptoms of an itchy anus”, explains Dr. Parameshwara C M, Colorectal Surgeon and Founder of Smiles International Institute of ColoProctology, Bengaluru. He further explains that the main cause is lack of healthy lifestyle and personal hygiene.

getting-rid-of-itchy-bottom

Causes

Itchy anus  is medically referred to Pruritus ani, which is one of the common illness today. Although the exact cause of is unknown, it may be due  idiopathic or poor hygiene. This is although the exact cause is unknown, anal itching  is common in people with  fecal incontinence and the residue of the stools which cause the anus to itch. Moreover, this is a vicious cycle, itch, and scratch and so on which leads to  infection, tear of the skin and further worsening the condition. Medical professionals believe that Pruritus Ani is due to threadworm infections or even sexually transmitted bacterial infections.

Also, this ailment is very common in those who do not wipe the anus well post defecation. And the residue leads to itching or patting the region multiple times making it too dry which also causes itching. Hence, it is very important to take care of the anal region.

Diagnosis

Proctologist examines the perennial area to know the severity of the situation. Proctoscopy may be required based on the severity.

Educating the causes to the patients is utmost important, whereas some people maintain poor hygienic and some keep the area too much clean.It should be well balanced, says Dr Parameshwara C M who has successfully treated a lot of patients medically for pruritus ani. Examining the patients for any signs of haemorrhoids, fistula or any internal problems is also a must during consultation.

On request for treatment, Dr Parameshwara suggests,” One must wash the anal region well post defecation and ensure to pat dry with a soft tissue gently. Avoid use of soaps or moist wipes. Make sure your pants are not too tight, as that can be one of the causes for itching. Once in a while use a normal talcum powder to keep the area moist free.

It is very important for patients to understand the severity of this ailment. Maintaining hygiene of the anus should not be taken lightly and must be immediately. Don’t ignore  to be hygienic. Report  if there is bloody discharge from stools, pus discharge, haemorrhoidal symptoms, redness and fluid discharge, fecal discharge or thickening of anal skin.

Contact our expert consultants today!!

IBS Diet – Foods to eat

Treatment of IBS focuses on relieving symptoms. People can control their symptoms by managing stress, diet, and lifestyle.

IBS Diet

Try the following changes in your diet:

  • High fiber diet: A diet or food rich in high-fiber such as whole grains, beans fruits, and vegetables.
  • Dietary fiber: The parts of plant foods that the body can’t digest. It helps to control blood sugar and maintain bowel health.
  • Excess fluids: Make sure your intake of fluids are plenty and more.
  • Avoid eating gluten: People with IBS report improvement in diarrhea symptoms if they stop eating gluten (barley and rye) 
  • FODMAPs: IBS symptoms might ease if you follow a strict low FODMAP diet and then reintroduce foods one at a time.

Lifestyle changes may help in the treatment of IBS, including:

  • Regular exercise: Physical exercise for 20-30 minutes improves cardiovascular health. 
  • Stress management: Reduce stress and improve mental health by pursuing and enjoyable activity.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Deep breathing, meditation, sleeping enough and other activities that reduce the symptoms of stress

The treatment of IBS also consists of Medications and Therapies. Know more about IBS symptoms, causes and various treatment methods SIICP follows.

Nutritional Tips For Ramadan During Iftar & Suhour

nutritional-tips-ramadan-fasting

Fasting during Ramadan has numerous health benefits but only if properly implemented. SIICP gives you a range of nutritional tips to follow at Iftar & Suhour* in the holy month of fasting to ensure nutrition and good health.

  1. Start Iftar with dates
    People might suffer from headache & dizziness due to the lowered blood sugar levels during fasting. To replenish your sugar levels, start Iftar with 2-3 dates. Dates are also rich in calories, hence moderation is required.

  2. Fasting during Ramadan – change in the regular body routine, could lead to constipation
    To avoid this, enrich your diet with fibre by eating vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes. Drink plenty of water and try to be active whenever possible.

  3. Include complex carbohydrates in Iftar
    Such as rice, potato and meat. They help to retain energy for a longer period by your body.

  4. Start your Iftar meal with a warm soup.
    Soup comforts the stomach after a long day of fasting. It replenishes your body with fluids and help prepare the digestive system for the meal.

  5. Avoid foods that are too spicy or salty to prevent getting thirsty during Ramadan. Consume more fruits and vegetables that are refreshing!

  6. Avoid the consumption of fried foods.
    Fried foods increase cholesterol level in your body. Replace them with boiled or grilled.

  7. Make sure your meals include generous amounts of vegetables like broccoli, spinach, peas, green beans, squash, and carrots. These add vitamins and minerals as well as fibers which are essential for a healthy digestive system.

  8. Divide your main course into three parts
    Have one quarter of the plate filled with complex carbohydrates, one quarter with lean meat or meat alternatives, and half with vegetables. This will ensure that you have a healthy balanced meal.

Having three meals is still important during this holy month: Iftar, a light evening snack, and Suhour. This would help you avoid continuous snacking throughout the non-fasting hours. And ensures your good health to celebrate Eid al-Fitr.

Ramadan – 7 Health Benefits of Fasting

health-benefits-fasting-during-ramadan

Ramadan – The holy month of fasting for Muslims and the followers of Islam. Fasting is one of the five fundamental principles of Islam. Each day during Ramadan, Muslims do not eat or drink from sunrise to sunset.

Health Benefits

This religious practice has numerous health benefits attached to it. Here are top 7 health benefits of fasting during Ramadan.

  1. Fasting gives a break to digestive system
    65% our body’s energy is consumed for digestion after eating. During fasting, our digestive system takes rest and the energy is used to heal our body.
  2. Fasting detoxifies your body
    We push lot of toxins into our body through processed and junk foods. Most of these toxins are stored in the form of fat. During fasting, the fat is burnt releasing the toxins from your body.
  3. Fasting promotes healthy diet
    Research has observed that fasting reduces craving for processed food and increases the desire for natural foods promoting healthy lifestyle.
  4. Fasting Resolves Inflammatory Response
    Fasting promotes resolution of inflammatory diseases and allergies. Such as rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis and skin diseases. It can also promote healing of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis.
  5. Fasting reduces fat in body
    During fasting, body breaks down fats to acquire energy for bodily functions.
  6. Fasting reduces sugar level in blood
    Intermittent fasting is one of the best ways to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels naturally.
  7. Fasting boosts immunity
    When individuals take fruits to break a fast, they increase the body’s store of essential vitamins and minerals. Vitamins A and E are good antioxidants readily available in fruits. They help to boost immunity.

We all should observe and practice Ramadan fasting not only as a religious practice but as a way to promote healthier life style and to prevent lifestyle diseases.

Do Bananas Cause or Relieve Constipation?

Did your Grandmother or mother ever suggest you to eat bananas to help you get relief from constipation? Yes, bananas are the most popular home remedy to cure constipation for all age groups. Bananas are seasonless fresh fruits available for us round the year. And people widely believe that bananas relieve us from constipation while some also believe that they cause constipation.

So which is true? Both, actually.

Bananas relieve from Constipation:-

Bananas have significant amounts of both soluble and insoluble fibre that can’t be digested by the digestive system. When you eat fiber-rich foods, the fibre moves to the large bowel without being digested.

Dietary fibre absorbs water. So, if you drink water after eating banana, the fibre in the banana absorbs water and swells up in the large intestine. It makes the stool soft and bulky. The soft stool is easy to pass through thus gives relief from constipation.

Bananas cause Constipation:-

The insoluble fibre is high in unripe bananas. If you don’t drink enough water after eating it, then the fibre will form a hard bulk in the intestine. It is difficult to pass thus causing constipation.

However, if you eat large amounts of banana and don’t drink enough water, they can make your stools hard and bulky.

Same logic applies for other fiber-rich foods also. So our body needs everything in moderation. Take good care of your body with a better lifestyle.

Colon Cancer Stages & Treatment

Colon-cancer-stages

There are different stages in Colon Cancer.

Stage 0: The stage 0 of colorectal cancer is found only in Innermost lining of the colon. In this stage surgeon can remove the tumor and a little tissue near it. And this procedure is called as a polypectomy.

If you have larger tumors, surgeon may need to remove the diseased part of the colon and reattach the healthy tissue so that your bowels will work. This procedure is an anastomosis.

Stage I: In StageI tumors have spread beyond the inner lining of the colon to the second and third layers and involve the inside wall of the colon. But not spread to the outer wall of the colon or outside the colon.

You may expect to have surgery to remove the cancer and a small amount of tissue around the tumor. Most of the people don’t need additional treatments.

Stage II: Stage II colorectal cancers are larger and go through the muscular wall of the colon. But there is no cancer in the lymph nodes i.e., small structures that are found throughout the body that make and store cells that fight infection. In this stage probably have surgery to remove the cancer and an area surrounding the cancer. And also you may use chemotherapy as a precaution to help prevent the cancer from coming back. Doctors usually do this only for people who are likely to get this disease.

Stage III: In this cancers may spread outside the colon to one or more lymph nodes. It is again divided into 3 categories.

  • Stage IIIA: In this Tumors are within the colon wall and also involve the lymph nodes.
  • Stage IIIB: Stage IIIB tumors have grown through the colon wall and have spread to one to four lymph nodes.
  • Stage IIIC: In this stage Tumors have grown through the colon wall and have spread to one to four lymph nodes.

Treatment for Stage III is Surgery to remove the tumor and all involved lymph nodes if possible. After the Surgery Chemotherapy may get and then Radiation if the tumor is large and invading the tissue surrounding the colon.

Stage IV: Stage IV has spread outside the colon to other parts of the body, such as the liver or the lungs. It is also called as “metastatic,” which means that it has spread.

For this stage you need an operation to remove the cancer, both in the colon and in other places where it has spread or you may need surgery to bypass the cancer and hook back up the healthy parts of the colon along with Chemotherapy.

If Your Colorectal Cancer Comes Back

Recurrence is possible, who had more advanced colorectal cancer the first time. The treatment includes

  • Surgery to remove the recurrence
  • If the cancer can’t be removed in an operation, chemotherapy is the main treatment.
  • Clinical trials are another option.

These Foods Might Cause Constipation

Constipation is the inability of an individual to empty his bowels. Generally having less than 3 bowel movements per week is considered as constipation. It occurs when the stool moves very slowly through the bowels making it very hard and dry.
It can interfere with our daily routine thus causing lot of discomfort. 

In fact, 27% of adults experience it and its accompanying symptoms, such as bloating and gas. The older or more physically inactive you get, the more likely you are to experience it. Some foods can help relieve or reduce the risk of constipation and others can make it worse.

The following foods can make constipation worse. Try to avoid them when you feel constipated.
  1. Unripe Bananas: The Unripe bananas contains higher amounts of tannins, a compound that reduces the speed at which foods pass through the gutwhereas ripe bananas(yellow with brown spots) can make your bowel movements easy. Hence try to avoid consuming unripe bananas.
  2. Alcohol: Consumption of alcohol increases the amount fluids lost through urine thus reducing the water in your body and causes constipation.
  3. Gluten-Containing Foods: Some people may experience constipation when they eat foods (like wheat, barley, rye, spelt, kamut and triticale) that contain gluten.
  4. Processed Grains: The Processed grains and their products, such as white bread, white rice and white pasta, are less nutritious. And may be more constipating than whole grains. Usually in processed grains bran and germ part are removed which are main source of fiber.
  5. Dairy Products: Dairy products should be one of the first foods to eliminate from your diet if you suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. The worst among the variety of dairy products is ice cream, in-part due to the milk element, but also because of the amount of additives that are very frequently used in its’ make-up.
  6. Red Meat: Red meat worsens constipation for two main reasons.
  • Red meat is high in iron content. Too much iron in your diet can make the stools hard thus making it difficult to pass.
  • Dietary fibre is essential for regular bowel movements. Red meat doesn’t contain fibre.
You may benefit from replacing the red meat in their diet with protein- and fiber-rich alternatives such as beans, lentils and peas.
  1. Fast Foods: Eating frequent portions fast foods may increase the risk of constipation. These foods tend to be high in fat and low in fiber that can slow digestion. Fast-food snacks like chips, cookies, chocolate and ice cream may also replace more fiber-rich snack options such as fruits and vegetables in diet.

10 Foods To Prevent Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer is the third most cancer across the world, which accounts for nearly 1.4 million new cases and 6, 94,000 deaths per year and the vast majority of cases occur in people over age 50.

To reduce the risk of colon cancer, getting screened regularly is the right thing to do. And the everyday food we take can also help us to reduce colon cancer. Here is the list of food

  1. BROWN RICE:

According to a study of  Nutrition and Cancer, people who ate brown rice at least once a week reduced their risk  of colon polyps by 40% because it has higher fiber content and short chain fatty acids that halts the cancer cell’s growth . The Brown rice has 3.5 grams of fiber in one cup, compared to half gram per cup of white rice.

  1. SALMON:

Three ounces of sockeye salmon contains 112% of your recommended daily value of vitamin D. As Recent Research suggests Vitamin D Deficiency may cause Colon Cancer.

  1. BUTTERED CORN

orn fiber, inositol hexaphosphate, prevents colon cancer growth, University of Maryland research shows. Add real butter for a dose of cancer-fighting conjugated linoleic acid (CLA).

  1. PEANUTS :

Loma Linda University researchers found that Eating three times in a week of  legumes- chickpeas, black beans, and peas reduces the risk of colon polyps by 33%. Half a cup of peanuts consists more than 6 grams of fiber.

  1. GINGER

As per Cancer Research and Prevention, taking ginger root supplements for 28 days can reduce Colon Inflammation by 28%. And Colon Inflammation has been associating with the development of tumors. Researchers recommends to take 2 gram ginger supplement or 2tablespoon fresh ginger with meal daily.

  1. White Tea:

One cup of tea a day to cut your colon cancer risk in half- suggested by Louisiana State University and the University of North Carolina.  Especially white tea is powerful at blocking colon-polyp growth even more than green tea.

7. Spinach :

Spinach may help to fight colon cancer. As per study In the Journal of Nutrition and Cancer found that people who ate cooked green vegetables once a day had a 24% lower risk of colon cancer than people who ate less.

8. Mushrooms:

White button mushrooms are rich in the antioxidant ergothioneine, which has cancer-fighting properties. Add cooked spinach to a mushroom omelette for a cancer-fighting supper meal.

  1. BLACK RASPBERRIES:

Lab tests show that raspberry-fed rats develop 80% fewer tumors than animals that ate standard food. Pick black raspberries for 40% more cancer-fighting antioxidants than the red colour raspberries.