Anal fissure or Fissure-in -Ano is nothing but a crack/injury in the soft and delicate lining of the anal canal. They are most commonly a result of passing a hard stool.
These can happen at any age and in both the sex. They have been classified as
- Acute – early, less than a month +/- 15 days
- Chronic – long-standing, more than 2 months duration. Mostly have a skin covering like piles
Most Acute fissures can be treated without operation and surgery while most chronic fissure’s need some kind of surgical intervention.
Treatments for Fissures
Advanced Treatments: Most of the treatments are painless and bloodless. In many cases, patients can be discharged in 1 day. The chronic fissure which fails to respond to conservative treatment is dealt with Laser Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (Laser-LIS) which is the least invasive and highly effective, thus according to the patient full control over his bowel movements.